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雅思閱讀信號詞怎么找?
 
信息來源:http://www.phmgey.live 發布時間:2017-12-15

武漢新思達雅思老師將閱讀中出現的與考點相關的信號詞根據其所表達的邏輯關系分成八大類,分別是表順接和遞進,表對比和轉折,表相似,表排列次序,表強調作用,表最高級.比較級,表因果關系,表舉例子和說明。下面一一為大家介紹一下。

 

一、順接和遞進

例詞:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

考點:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom… (C6, P28, Q31找標題)

解析:And在這句話開頭,有一定的遞進含義,this wisdom則是指代了前面一句話出現的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因紐特人傳統的知識),所以這兩句話有緊密的聯系,同學們在讀題的時候要通過發現信號詞,然后發散地看它的前后句,最后把考點考察的 意思補充完整。

 

二、對比和轉折

例詞:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison, while

考點:But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. (C7 P24 Q20)

解題:此題是段落大意配對題,在確定H段段落大意時,段落中間but之后出現的那句話就是解題的關鍵,根據句子中出現的兩個比較級,可以確定答案應該為X The need to raise standards.

考點:While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanove and his associates. (C7 P27 倒數第二段 Q39, 40)

解析:段首句用while引起注意,我們可以根據success, 和后半句中的few teachers, spectacular results, 搞定最后兩個填空題。

 

三、相似

例詞:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …

考點: Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.(C4, P28, Q40)

解析:題目考的是對文章的總結。因此解題時重點看文章中表示結論的句子,thus這個單詞給了我們提示,而句子中的as...do表達的是一個相似的邏輯,因此答案可以確定為B。

 

四、排列次序

例詞:firstly, second, another, the second, the most, the best, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

考點:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world i an objective and impersonal way,... (C5, P49, Q30-31)

解析:題目30-31考的是并列和否定的邏輯關系,原文中的first, second, 對應的就是題目中的neither...nor...這個并列關系,這兩題的答案就迎刃而解了。

考點:First mechanism, then mass use of chemical fertiliser and pesticides, then monocultures, then battery rearing of livestock, and now genetic engineering – the onward marching of intensive farming has seemed unstoppable in the last hal- century, as the yields of produce have soared. (C7, P44, Q15)

解析:段首句連用表示次序的信號詞,first, then, then… and now, 體現發展的不同階段。(the stages of development of farming industry C7 P77 選擇配對)

 

五、強調作用

例詞:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

考點:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates… (C5, P21, Q18 信息包含題)

解析:信息包含題考察細節是在哪個段落出現,在做此類題目時,要注意信號詞與考點的密切相關性,從而迅速找準答案。這里出現了in essence(實質上),起了一定的強調作用,迅速掃讀后,發現同時出現了題目關鍵詞sociobiology, 破折號后面的介詞to表目的,與題目中的the general aim of一致對應。

 

六、最高級、比較級

例詞:–est, most, best, more, better, superior, inferior, preferable, exclusively, extremely...

考點:Making a rapid emotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding job for the brain, animal or human. (C5, P44, Q24)

解析:題目中出現了最高級the most difficult tasks, 因此在原文中也應該相應的出現最高級。除了明顯的the most, -est, 還有些單詞本身也含有最高級的含義,比如extremely, exclusively, superficially, 文中的這個extremely demanding對應的就是題目中的最高級,所以答案也確定。

 

七、因果關系

例詞:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, the caused of…

考點:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem.(C6, P94, Q33)

解題:題目問的是學校否認問題反應了什么,就是這個現象的根本原因。因此原文中consequence就給解題提供了信息,根據consequence之前的一句話就可以將答案找到。

 

八、舉例子和說明

例詞:for example, for instance, that is to say, i.e., such as, including…

考點:Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton… (C5, P39, Q5 流程圖)

解析:我們看到such as后面是舉例子,such as后面的例子可以作為定位詞,woodflour, asbestos, cotton就是fillers的其中一種。Fillers在這里就是一個概括性的詞語,常常是考點。

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